Romano-catolicii din Moldova (Romania) - Roman Catholics from Moldavia - Romania - people so called csangos - românii denumiți ceangăi, Tchangos
The Roman Catholic communities in Moldavia continue to be the subject of discussions and disputes in the conditions of practically abandonment by the Romanian institutions in the sphere of influence of the Hungarian institutions under the umbrella of respecting the rights of minorities. Romania's accession to the European Union did not change the situation, the Council of Europe recommended to Romania, without knowing the concrete reality from the spot, but only on the basis of tendentious reports coming from Hungarian extremist activists or apologists for the destruction of the Romanian national state to defend and preserve an imaginary csangos culture and language. Moreover, the Association for the Defense of Human Rights in Romania and the Pro Europa League, known for their anti-Romanian activism, presented distorted images of the reality regarding the language and culture of Roman Catholics, both in Romania and in the world. In order for the Magyarization process to be as elaborate as possible, the Romanian Ministry of Education intervened, which approved from 2002 the study of Hungarian language in schools in 7 villages in Bacau county without thinking for a moment that by doing so, it is committing an abuse. The Ministry of Culture in Romania and the Ministry of Cultural Heritage in Hungary subsidize propaganda books on the culture of Roman Catholics called csangos. In recent years, the Council of Europe, starting from the ignorance of the state of affairs, has adopted documents for the protection of the cultures considered to be in danger, among them and the csangos. Intentional or unintentional confusions, errors and intoxications, created in relation to the identity of Moldavian Roman Catholics, improperly called csangos are largely unknown, because this topic continues to be intensely promoted in the propagandistic sense by the influential Hungarian extremist circles and censored with the wide competition of European bodies which, under the false umbrella of the defense of the collective rights of the different European minorities, become aggressive. Besides the unknown, another cause of confusions, errors and intoxications is related to the misuse as an ethnonym of the term csango, in conjunction with the launch on the so-called scientific market, by pseudo-researchers, schooled and paid by the followers of the Soros tycoon of different theories regarding the history of this Romanian community. Then there is the existence of a Hungarian dialect among the csangos, their assimilation by the Romanians. Assimilation in their conception was sometimes a natural phenomenon, sometimes organized, the proportion between the two types of assimilation varying from one period to another. For Ferenc Pozsony "at present, the csango ethnonym designates a community that has been partially removed - from a linguistic, cultural and social point of view - by the Hungarian community, but has not yet fully integrated into the Romanian community." Without any basis, the Hungarian circles state that until the beginning of the 20th century, if asked, Catholics from Roman and Bacău counties replied that they were Hungarians, the conscience of origin was clear to all, even if some did not speak Hungarian, forgetting or rather not knowing the fact that the Moldavian Catholics have never considered themselves Hungarians in history. The example offered by Dimitrie Cantemir is as revealing as possible, for a moment the Moldavian Catholics not saying they would be Hungarians. It is then spoken of as unfounded by an alleged linguistic assimilation in Moldavia produced many generations ago, which would have led to the erasure of the memory of Hungarian origin. There was no doubt a linguistic assimilation, but in Transylvania, before the emigration of the Romanian ancestors of the Catholics to Moldavia, following the process of sequestration and Magyarization of the Transylvanian Romanians, a phenomenon that, deserved to be studied more carefully by the Romanian research, for that so the ghost of the so-called Szekely Land no longer hates the jealous promoters of the dissolution of the Romanian unitary national state. Identity is a personal issue for everyone, but unfortunately, the choice is today for Moldavian Catholics subjected to unimaginable pressures by Hungarian political, cultural, ecclesiastical, civilian circles. Moreover, these pressures are added for several years the constant pressures from the Romanian authorities that should naturally defend their citizens' rights conquered over time by Catholics, not to upset their identity by introducing Hungarian language hours in schools, by openly supporting the actions of local separatism, forced Magyarization, like the institutions of the Hungarian state in the 19th century - which had made every effort to force assimilate the Transylvanian Romanians. We only mention here the appearance in 1898 under the control of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Budapest of the "Central Society for the Naming of the Name". By virtue of the regulation of this society, the Romanians received Hungarian names because "... by the Hungarianization of the family name, that is, by national baptism, the one with a foreign name is received in the Hungarian Society" . An unquestionable historical fact supported by an official document, which never had a Romanian equivalent, the naming policy is an important inspiration for today's Hungarian political leaders. Today, if any honest Romanian researcher publishes or dares to assert in public the Romanianness of the Moldovan Catholics is immediately listed as an ultra-nationalist. For the Hungarian circles the truth is one-sided, on the principle "whoever is not with us is against us". The results of the official censuses of 1992 and 2002 are not accepted either, because these Catholics declared themselves Romanians, even though the Romanian officials at the pressures coming from the Hungarian side included in a completely arbitrary form the csangos in the questionnaire. Overcoming some confusions and irregularities that have arisen in connection with the declaration of nationality, signaled during the census, it is obvious that the data regarding the mother tongue do not correspond entirely to reality. Despite all the insistence by which the Hungarian circles have publicly asked people to declare the Hungarian language as their mother tongue, the reality remains the same: for Moldavian Catholics, the first language learned from parents is Romanian . Even though the "benevolent" explained to them that their language, their parents and grandparents is an "archaic Hungarian" language, which must necessarily be preserved, the Catholics were not intimidated by further promoting the Romanian language of their Transylvanian ancestors. In Romania, in 2008, the Romanian institutions came to play the games of Hungary. Here's how: On April 11, 2008, the Visit of the President of the Hungarian Parliament Katalin Szili and of the President of the Chamber of Deputies, Bogdan Olteanu in Bacau County, respectively the visit of the parliamentary delegation to the "Csangos lands". For the Hungarian circles, the event was of particular importance from two points of view. We give excerpts posted on one of the official sites of csangos: "The President of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies during the meeting, the visit legitimized our wishes, by personally notifying Lespezi, and following the talks with the AMCM leaders he confirmed: he supports the requests submitted by the Hungarians also from the organization that defends their rights, regarding the learning of the Hungarian mother tongue and the celebration of the holy liturgy and in the Hungarian language. The second very important aspect of the visit of the two presidents is the diplomatic premiere. For the first time in history, one of the most important people of Hungary comes to visit the csangos lands (perhaps King Bela IV at the time when he was still a prince passed here ... sic!). The presence of the Hungarian parliamentary delegation therefore has an important announcement for us and for the local politics: the Parliament of the Hungarian Republic assumes responsibility and feels the problems of the csangos themselves, supports the AMCM's efforts. The President of the Hungarian Parliament was received at the Prefecture of Bacau by Claudiu Şerban, the prefect of Bacău county and by Bogdan Olteanu, the President of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies. The numerous Hungarian delegation had conversations for over an hour in the great hall of the Prefecture. Also present were Gabriel Berca, Secretary General of the Government (until recently the Prefect of Bacau), and Romeo Stavarache, Mayor of Bacau. Bogdan Olteanu was also accompanied by Hunor Kelemen, the Quaestor of the Chamber of Deputies from the UDMR, who participated not only in the meeting of the Prefecture but also in the afternoon program. Mr. János Terényi, the Hungarian ambassador in Bucharest, Tibor Hodicska and Dr. Béla Szabó, main consuls and other diplomats were also present. The topic of human rights and the rights of minorities was naturally addressed, with a special emphasis on teaching Hungarian in the csangos communities. The parties agreed to support each other's aspirations of this kind. Bogdan Olteanu has proposed to his guest that if there are requests for the celebration of liturgies in Hungarian, he should use a common letter to the Vatican. It has resorted again to the now classic European recommendations that stimulate minorities to preserve their culture, and provide support from the state in preserving and manifesting their identity. At the post-meeting press conference, Bogdan Olteanu said that it is very normal and supportive to introduce the teaching of Hungarian in all schools attended by Moldavian Catholics, even if the Hungarian civil and political organizations urge parents to send children at school. Hungarian language in exchange for money. After the press conference, at the festive lunch offered by Bogdan Olteanu, the President of the Chamber of Deputies once again assured them that he supports their aspirations, while also noting that we are on the verge of elections. Given the political context of the problem (AMCM being part of the UDMR) Bogdan Olteanu's remark and the attitude of the state authorities in recent years appears in a new light. On May 8-9, 2008, the Teleki László Foundation (Budapest) organized a scientific conference in Bacău. Co-organizers were the MTA Institute for Research Organization (Budapest), the Kriza János Ethnographic Association (Cluj-Napoca) and the Csango Hungarian Association of Moldova (Bacău). Among the sponsors: the Chancellery of the Prime Minister and the MFA of Hungary. For the first time, the conference Inherited Heritage - Endangered Cultures: The csangos from Moldavia was held in Bacau, with the wide competition of the Bacau Prefecture. The organizers chose the County Museum of History hoping that those interested will take part more easily in the conference proceedings. These hopes did not come true, very few were interested. The desired dialogue with the Romanian side was not carried out either, when the Romanian specialists were not even invited. Among the lecturers were Hungarian researchers from England, Germany, Poland, Italy, Norway, Serbia and Hungary, all of whom had strong Hungarian financial and political backing. The reformed bishop László Tőkés, as well as Hunor Kelemen, executive president of the UDMR, gave lectures. At the end of the conference the participants went to the locality of Pustiana, where the first liturgy was held in Hungarian, thus contradicting the general opinion regarding the opposition of the Bishopric of Iasi to such celebrations. And because every cake has to be custom-made, the Bacău Prefecture celebrated the national day of Hungary very fast, under the mask offered by the European Year of Intercultural Dialogue 2008. Obviously, on this occasion, they could not even the efforts made to promote the rescue of the minority of the csangos. For UDMR and Hungary csangos represents an extremely subtle weapon in the political discourse aiming at the autonomy and by extension the independence of the Szeklerland, the csango County, the Transylvanian, the Carpathian Basin, the Greater Hungary. The creation in the laboratories of the Hungarian ideals and the placement of the above syntagms was not and is not of course coincidental.

Modern science, especially GENETICS, reveals the truth about

Roman Catholics from Moldavia - so called "csangos"

The Roman Catholics of Moldova (csangos), who currently live in this territory, are undoubtedly incomplete Magyarized Romanians (few of them). Most of them are not even a little Magyarized. Most Moldavian Roman Catholics speak only Romanian. They were never Magyarized - neither they nor their ancestors. The popular port of the Roman Catholics, the folklore, their popular dances, are all Romanian. The traditions of the Roman Catholics and the popular architecture are Romanian. Along with arguments based on various branches of science: history, ethnology, ethnography, linguistics, in recent years modern science can also provide arguments based on biological sciences and especially those provided by genetics, respectively that branch of biology that studies the laws of heredity and of variability of organisms. DNA tests are the best evidence of a person's belonging to an ethnic group. For this reason, the result of DNA tests performed on populations from all countries, including Romania and Hungary, is the best method of determining a person's ethnicity. The Human Genome Project , carried out after 1990, is an international genetic research project, carried out with the main purpose of deciphering the genetic code and identifying the genes responsible for the genetic diseases, how these genes trigger the disease. The main purpose of the project is to prevent the occurrence of genetic diseases and to cure these diseases. Simultaneously with the main purpose of prevention of genetic diseases, once the genetic code has been deciphered, it can contribute to the understanding of the history of humanity and the evolution of the human species, but it can also help to establish kinship relations between parents and children, implicitly in establishing the descent of certain groups of people, communities, peoples, so that one can highlight the genetic characteristics of a people, the historical evolution and the genetic diversity of the members of a people or on the contrary the isolation and singularity, the typicality of a people. The scientific organizations dealing with the study of the human genome have performed genetic tests on people from different communities, from territories on all continents, including Romania and Hungary. Aside from this broad project, scientific organizations, universities around the world, including universities in Hungary, have undertaken small-scale projects aimed at deciphering the genetic code for certain groups of people. The identification and classification of gene groups (haplogroups), through the Human Genome project but also of other smaller projects with particular objectives (precise goals and objectives, regarding groups of people), allowed to highlight some genetic characteristics for large groups. of populations, from clearly defined geographical areas (peoples, nations, continents). In this way haplogroups specific to European, Asian, African, etc. populations were identified and on this occasion it was established which populations belong to an individual, which is the genealogy of the peoples, who are their ancestors and how different ethnic groups have evolved. The development of the genetics and the important results obtained in the project of deciphering the human genetic code, allowed the identification of the genetic characteristics of the csangos. DNA tests performed on the Romanian population, Hungarians but also the csangos provided results that lead to the conclusion that the csangos are Romanian. The same DNA tests concluded that 95% of Hungarians are descendants of European populations and only 5% have Asian origins. The result of the DNA tests can be seen here ... The list of sites that present results of DNA tests, carried out by scientific organizations specialized in genetic research, including from Hungary, can be accessed here...

Map of the region of Moldavia - Romania - with the

administrative organization by counties and the location of the

communities in which there are communities of

Roman-Catholic believers

Localities in the region of Moldavia - Romania - where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers (current data)
Location of localities where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers
BACĂU COUNTY Location of localities where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers BOTOȘANI COUNTY BOTOȘANI DOROHOI Location of localities where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers GALAȚI COUNTY Location of localities where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers IAȘI DISTRICT Location of localities where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers NEAMȚ COUNTY Location of localities where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers SUCEAVA COUNTY Location of localities where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers VASLUI COUNTY Location of localities where there are communities of Roman Catholic believers VRANCEA COUNTY
Roman Catholics from Moldavia, at present

Map of the region of Moldavia - Romania - indicating the

localities in which there are important communities

of Roman Catholics

See DNA tests See   links The current situation of Roman Catholics in Moldavia See DNA tests performed by some Roman Catholics from Moldavia
"Dumitru Mărtinaş" Roman-Catholic Association representing Roman-Catholics from Moldavia - Romania (people so called "csangos", French - tchangos, Hungarian - csangok, German - tschangos)